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Your Menstrual Cycle

Your Menstrual Cycle

The average woman has a period every 28 days. But not a single person I know is ‘average’ anymore.

Women are having periods from every 2 weeks to not at all because of hormonal contraception or amenorrhea from stress and over-dieting.

The way the menstrual cycle works generally is:

Day 1-6  –  Your period. Bleeding and menstrual cramps happen in this phase as the body releases the uterus lining that has formed for the remainder of your cycle. The pain you feel is your body cramping to help you shed that lining.

Day 1- 14  –  Your Follicular phase. This phase starts when you’re menstruating and it doesn’t stop until you ovulate. The growing follicle causes a rise in oestrogen in the body preparing to release an egg at ovulation.

Day 14 – 16 – is Ovulation. This is the release of the egg into the fallopian tube and funnelled down towards the uterus. If it doesn’t meet with sperm in 24 hours it will die.

Day 16 – 28  is the Luteal Phase (this can be vastly different depending on the person) At the same time as the egg is released the follicle that housed the egg stays on the ovary and transforms into something called a corpus luteum. This starts releasing progesterone with small amounts of oestrogen. The progesterone is building up the uterus lining ready to house an ‘egg’. But when pregnancy doesn’t occur the corpus luteum falls away as does the uterus lining and we menstruate again. We get PMS symptoms in this window where the corpus luteum dies as the hormonal drop is so great.

So how can we eat and train to support our menstrual cycle?


This is when oestrogen is at its lowest along with progesterone. This low level of hormone plus the fact you’re bleeding and in pain doesn’t put you in a great mental space! I always recommend resting on the first full day of your period from any strenuous exercise but making sure you try to stay active with a gentle walk. You are likely not going to feel like eating healthy food and looking for comfort in the form of chocolate or some other sweet food. This might be the time to get creative in the kitchen working with high satiety foods such as protein pancakes and high fibre filling meals.


As this phase begins whilst menstruating I am referring to around day 3 when the pain has usually subsided and the bleeding is lighter. As testosterone rises in this phase you’re likely to feel stronger in the gym and more focused. As oestrogen rises so does the sensitivity to insulin and your tolerance to both carbohydrates and pain. This phase of your cycle can be fantastic in the gym for both strength and performance.


We get moody when Oestrogen drops which happens just before ovulation. It has a big impact on serotonin – this why we can have such cravings for serotonin rich foods and foods that make us feel good! In this phase we will also likely to begin to feel quite tired and some women may feel cramps and pain as the ovary releases the egg. This is the time to ensure we have a high satiety diet including good fats. I always recommend dark chocolate to buffer those cravings.



In this phase both Oestrogen and progesterone rise. This huge surge in Progesterone can cause a massive increase in appetite and cause some skin issues. This is the PMS stage where we can feel down, anxious and tired. As in this phase insulin sensitivity is often lower try to stick to a lower carbohydrate diet and more cardio focused work; as strength and carbohydrate utilisation are likely going to be lower. You will also likely be holding water – relax it’s just a few days.


My top tip is: TRACK YOUR CYCLE. This can help you understand when you feel like shit and or why your skin is breaking out or your sweating like a machine. Knowing what your body is doing can play a huge part in learning how to help yourself with things like cravings and energy. A lot of cycles are not 28 days. Knowing this can help you plan and be prepared!

Injuries – they suck.

Being out of training or even out of physical activity due to in injury can be more than annoying, it can be downright depressing. Even as a non professional athlete of any kind I (Lucy) have struggled so much with niggling injuries for the last 18 months and the knock on effect is now I am banned from lifting weights for 3-6 months. It’s been quite hard to take but equally I am now finally under the rehab programme I need to get back to full health.

If you’re injured as hard as it seems to focus on the positive – ESPECIALLY when its painful! There is always a positive outlook to be found. For me it has enabled me to realise I can’t abuse my body by doing everything to such extremes and be healthy. It has empowered me to come back when I can and respect the body I live in.

In addition, the time away from the gym which when we add it up can amount to 2 hours a day when considering training, recovery and cardio has given me more time to work on my personal growth and my businesses. I also know that going through this injury has made me acutely more aware of the importance of spinal health with my clients.

I think however, my biggest lesson and learning point from this injury time is just how interconnected your bones, muscles and nerves are on your hormonal balance and on your mindset. For me the acute pain in my lower back caused me no end of miserable moods and once my mid-back had been adjusted I no longer had digestive issues that had returned after 2 years. So believe me when I say that niggle in your hip probably isn’t just a niggle and for all you know might be connected to your mood …  The nerves in the spine are like the messengers from the brain to the rest of the body and if the spine is compromised the spinal cord and neurons that control everything are too!

So I will end it here by saying yes I feel incredibly frustrated to not be training, I will probably never do another burpee jump in my life and I may always be in maintenance. However, I am grateful for the lessons and I know this setback in my personal goals has allowed me to progress professionally, and to become a better coach.

To follow my recovery journey follow my instagram story @lucyfoxwalton